I have chosen the subject: Using tone and line in a series of portraits and self-portraits with Conte sticks (I may change to some other medium like colour pencils or colourful drawing inks etc.), inspired by the artist Frida Kahlo.
For my final assignment, I would like to experience using some colourful medium, as I haven’t really used a lot of colourful pigments in this course. Through the process, I didn’t really consider exploring the idea of experimental styles outside of the construction.
Drawing a portrait is the most difficult for me because I still don’t know what effect I will be brought out at the end. Because the portrait includes the construction, perspective, emotional expression and character etc. So in this assignment, my aims are put colours on, find out the expression of the facial features.
For the drawing technology, I need to put attention on:
- Line and mark-making
- Light/middle/dark tone
Facial Features & Expressions:
- Draw the features with outlines of construction correctly
- Practice eyes and put much attention on them because this is the area that conveys much of the emotion.
I know that the concept of “portrait” and “self-portrait” are flexible things and you can experiment with many methods like I have done in the research “what a self-portrait can be?” and gave examples of what artists have done.
How to express the portrait with the way to show more depth is the aim I am going to attempt for this assignment.
- The features that are personal and distinctive. (Not everyone has same eyes, nose, mouth and ears also the same shape of the face.)
- The expressions and the thoughts. (The difference persons have separate thoughts and they won’t be the same.)
In Kahlo’s works, she used a few of the elements with the metaphorically way to imply her feeling and thoughts. For example, she uses a few times of monkeys around her face and these monkeys like the situation in her life. There are other examples, Kahlo’s work used some else elements:
- The Two Fridas (painted in 1939) is a double self-portrait which is included two figures of this artist. Kahlo is holding two items which are a forceps and a portrait. Also, she has drawn vessel and hearts outside of the bodies.
- Self-Portrait with Thorn Necklace and Hummingbird (painted in 1940). Kahlo used the elements are a thorn necklace, a small black hummingbird( like a pendant), a monkey sits behind her right shoulder(tugging at the thorn necklace, causing Kahlo to bleed), two dragonflies float in mid-air and A black panther over her left shoulder.
- The Wounded Deer (painted 1946), Kahlo superimposed her face onto a deer which was fatally wounded by a bunch of arrows.
Is The Wounded Deer is a self-portrait? I would say so. As Kahlo has some more works which used the method for her style of symbolism. From her works, she was not painting attempting to conjure a real scene but she did arrange symbolic elements to communicate a feeling or idea.
So what can I do for my assignment five which is about the portraits and self-portraits? What can I change from my real scene? What elements can I add to my works?
My last research is of the self-portrait by artists that I have learnt from Rembrandt, van Gogh, Frida Kahlo and Tracey Emin. My tutor wants me to go a bit further with it.
Why do the artists draw self-portraits?
Do they want to know more about themselves? Do they want to show the audience more about themselves?
What do they do in their self-portraits and what do they want to show their audience?
Do they just draw a solemn face, a face and shoulders, half-length portrait, full-length portrait? Where do they draw the self-portrait? In a couch, in a corner of room or in a bath? Who else can be in the image (a pet, a friend or a family)? When do they draw? 0:00 AM to 2:00 AM? Maybe some artists can put up the good skills at this time.
So what a self-portrait can be? I am going to learn some more artists.
Edvard Munch (12 December 1863 – 23 January 1944)
Munch had a miserable life since he was very young, also his father was obsessively religious. He said:” The angels of fear, sorrow, and death stood by my side since the day I was born. I inherited two of mankind’s most frightful enemies—the heritage of consumption and insanity.”
Look at this self-portrait by Munch in 1895. He has drawn his face and neck in Realism. But his eyes are gloomy and dark without light. From the first view, I thought he folded his arms in front of his chest in this lithograph work but there is only a skeleton arm. All the rest of the space is evil and fear black. Will he be swamped by the darkness?
Andrew Wyeth (July 12, 1917 – January 16, 2009)
The Revenant (self-portrait), 1949
In this article Wyeth have drawn himself with most of the body in an interior. It is authentic and persuasive work. The viewport is quite low so the perspective of the wall and the feeling is very effective. Wyeth was wearing a white suit which is colour to match with the pale colour of the wall. So the lights (The lights come from the underneath of the curtain on the window.) comes from the bottom of the corner also behind of the body. Why Wyeth arrange this? Does he want a special effect?
Norman Rockwell (February 3, 1894 – November 8, 1978)
Triple Self-Portrait, 1960
This is a dramatic work from Norman Rockwell that it seems you can see the process with perfusion. There are a few portraits in this article. As you can see his whole back of the body, a colourful head and shoulder in a mirror and a black and white on the drawing board. A couple of quick monochromes on the left of the board. Also, he has drawn his gesture and you may see his movement from it. In addition to this, on his right side of the board, there are in order of the works: Albrecht Dürer‘s self-portrait at 26, Rembrandt “standing” self-portrait in Vienna (1652), one of the works of Picasso and one of the self-portrait by Van Gogh.
Through this completed work, we can see Rockwell is a stickler for neatness and most of the features are real. He has exceptional insight that he didn’t simply depict his own face and also he didn’t only put attention on his half top’s character. He used humor and humility with a pipe in mouth breezily, then looks at the mirror to draw himself. Yet he didn’t actually draw what he has seen.
Pablo Picasso (25 October 1881 – 8 April 1973)
Picassos is a lucky artist. There are some articles about ” Picasso Made Self-Portraits from Age 15 Until His Death That Show How His Artistic Genius Evolved.”
http://www.vorply.com/art/list/what-happens-when-picasso-portrait-himslef-for-75-years/ Posted on Jan 10, 2017
Picassos’ style of naturalistic, expressionism, surrealism to cubism. He used abstract style thrived at showcasing what he was in this world, painting self-portraits from teenage to a wise older self.
Salvador Dalí (11 May 1904 – 23 January 1989)
Select one of the previous four assignments as the starting point for your personal project.
The options are:
- Line, space and form
- Your immediate environment
- The figure and face
In this part, I have the freedom to pursue some of the things that I am interested in.
I was confident doing my assignment 1, assignment 2 (but not perfect for some interior exercises) and assignment 3 (but a bit like “casting the net” throughout the exercises). For the assignment 4, it is a large aspect so it is never finished.
For outdoors, at this time of the year. I don’t think I will sketch out a lot but I never throw out my sketchbook so that I would like to take it and to draw when I get free time. Maybe from out of the hotel window and on some trips. The landscape is one of the aspects in my future drawing.
So for this assignment, because I am regularly attended the Parish Council art group that will give me some opportunities to get free models so “the figure and face” will be my preferred subject of this assignment.
Refer back to my cabbage/vegetable still life.
Before I analyse the sphere of cabbage, I should really observe the tiles on the wall because it is confused visually. Then I did a very quick sketch to find out the right perspective.
The tiles haven’t perfect straight lines but they give the impression of being straight. It is an easy way if I create a 3D background around the still life then it will be beneficial for the objects to stand out with their shapes into space. So why not do it?
The cabbage I have put more attention on the outlines’ chasing and texture then I missed controlling of the tones, so it doesn’t look like a sphere. After I shaded some dark areas and balanced the middle tones. Then took another photos.
It is a little bit better and stands out from the flat paper. My tutor suggests that I pay more attention to the tonal values. So I got the benefit from it now.
For the still life arrangement, I probably could get a better view of the positive and negative spaces. I could leave a gap between the plate and the pomelo then they won’t look so cluttered and heavy on the top of the microwave oven.
I was very pleased that I was very enthusiastic throughout the process of creating this still life and got much encouragement from my tutor. It is not a completely perfect drawing but some parts are liked by my tutor. Like the shadow of the cabbage. So going forward I am going to focus more on the tones than the form.
This one I paid much attention to the mark making and the form. I am very pleased my tutor gave me lovely feedback. She said: “I like about it is the fact that it is not a standard view, it more exciting than that. You have developed some interesting mark making in order to explore the form. There is both exploration and energy in this work that is good to see.”
My tutor also gave me some suggestions that she wants to see in my work and I will be able to click in further to the image that it can really see the natural lines at work.
The background of this still life, I only gently used the straight line with an entire space not very strong light for the objects. So my tutor said:” you feel that there is certain heaviness to some the subjects, because you left the background sparse, it works fine.”
My tutor said the pineapple and the pumpkin look a bit flat. Then I took my work out then shade these two objects’ darker areas. But one of the mushroom looks a little square not rounded but I have to leave it alone.
My tutor liked my process of this group of still life and she said this shows good working methods. Then I know I need to develop in the future.
This is a complicated work because it included many aspects.
Firstly the format is Chinese map format but the culture is western where it shows a view from Yorkshire Dales to Whitby via York. I got the affirmation from my tutor that she said it is a great choice. She also encourages me this is such a good insight and one that you can really work with now in the future with your landscape interests.
Then for every aspect throughout the process.
Using rice paper caused me real problems is the drawing process. I couldn’t stop after making a mistake after the erasing the rice paper was getting corrugated and was spreading out the ink and watercolour very fast. The main thing is the thin paper is getting thinner and broken with some holes.
For working through this work. Because there are at least three areas in this illustration. It also includes the connection of two areas. I used photographs when I was drawing this work. Well, my tutor said that the photograph doesn’t help us to understand perspective. That is very true. I was really struggling during depicting the buildings and hills and their contours. So my tutor suggested that I practice on the sketchbook by going somewhere and really scrutinizing the scene in front of me.
When I plan out the draft, I used charcoal to draw on the rice paper but I never think about to use charcoal to get the finished one. Then my tutor suggested me to try this way that she thinks it is will much more atmospheric and charcoal is the best medium so far to demonstrate this concept as a drawing.
The main problem in this work is the perspective of the buildings. Also, allow the buildings to be looser and less restrained. Get them right then I can look through space for a whole landscape.
For the detail of the subjects, I do need divisions between the light and dark areas so the buildings can look natural. I am not sophisticated in this drawing skill yet.
For the figure and head, I think the best way to help is practice, practice and practice. I have done a lot of sketches but never enough.
Look back my 4 assignments I haven’t got my own style or I didn’t keep the same style that I am confident with it. Assignment 2 and assignment 3, I used subtle mark making, but I used rough stroke by charcoal for assignment 1 and assignment 4. At the moment, I haven’t got feedback from my tutor for the last assignment, so I can only do my self-assessment.
- I am still quite new to the figure drawing, especially in the life-drawing class for the nude. I can’t draw the right gesture well in 5 minutes. It may be much stress to start with every work.
- I plan if I can regularly go to the life drawing lesson in Broomhall Centre on Sunday if I am free.
- I am thinking the proportion of my figure drawing and face.
- I need to practice some more medium and material into my artwork.
I went to an art exhibition this morning (Oct. 22nd in High Green). There are a couple of art lessons with the tutorial over there. I am still trying to get in their groups.