In this lesson, I am going to learn about the artists from different eras who use landscape as their main subject.
Albrecht Dürer was born in Nuremberg, German (21 May 1471 – 6 April 1528). Dürer was a painter, print maker, and theorist of the German renaissance. He is some of the earliest recordings of the northern Renaissance world. He established his reputation and influence across Europe when he was in his twenties, due to his high-quality woodcut prints. He was in communication with the major Italian artists of his time.
Dürer’s vast body of work includes engravings, his preferred technique in his later prints, altarpieces, portraits and self-portraits, watercolour and books. His watercolours also mark him as one of the first European Landscape artists, while his ambitious woodcuts revolutionized the potential of that medium.
I have got two of his well-known images from Wikimedia which are Innsbruck Castle Courtyard, 1494, Gouache and watercolour and Castle Segonzano, 1502, gouache and watercolour on paper.
Looking at this drawing I can learn the main important points:
- Viewpoint: look down from another side of building.
- Precise perspective and strong inspection of the architecturel.
- Realistic painting sketching with simple colours.
- Many vertical lines make the building are standing upright and steady.
This image is very clear and a tidy view which is a pleasure to the eyes.
Compared to the last one the one below is a painting in impressionistic style landscape. There are not that many steady lines,instead there a a few firm lines on the top of the curved hill.
Claude Lorrain was born Claude Gellée, France (1600 – 23 November 1682). Lorrain was a French painter, draughtsman and engraver of the baroque era. He is one of the earliest important artists and he concentrated on landscape painting. His landscapes are usually turned into the more prestigious genre of history paintings by the addition of a few small figures, typically representing a scene from the bible or classical mythology.
Lorrain’s compositions are vast scenes/classical proportions. I am examining his 2 images which are Seaport at sunset (1639) and The Roman Campagna (1639).
He is difference to his friends who concentrated on figures when they were painting their works. but Lorrain’s focus are the expansive landscapes.
For the Seaport at sunset I am thinking:
- There are 3 groups of people in the front of the image. What sizes of been drawn by Lorrain and vivid characters.
- This port has far-reaching building architecture and the sunset as the expansive background.
- Clearly hierarchy from legible to blurred images.
- The sun and clouds are vivid with bright colours but they are far away in the background.
I admire this painter who used the very bright colour for far end background but they are not overpowering to the eyes.The black silhouette in front of the image does not make the image chaotic or blurred.
Laurence Stephen Lowry was an English artist (1 November 1887 – 23 February 1976). Lowry is famous for painting scenes of life in the industrial districts of North West England in the mid-20th century. He developed a distinctive style of painting and is best known for his urban landscapes peopled with human figures often referred to as “matchstick men”. He painted mysterious unpopulated landscapes, brooding portraits and the unpublished “marionette” works, which were only found after his death.
I particularly admire his treatment of the crowd like an anthill and his representation of industrial life.
His land and townscape is a composite. Made up; part real and part imaginary … They just crop up on their own, like things do in dreams. Look at how he depicts the crowd of people, are they real in some area on the earth? What does his matchstick man like? Do they have ideas and feelings or are the just like industrial products?
I admire the quality and scale of the reproductions. Looking at his art gives you the strong feeling to inspire your mind.
George Shaw was born 1966 in Coventry, England and he is an English contemporary artist.
First time I saw his paintings that I thought they were photographs. He does concentrate on hyperrealism.
Looking at these staggering charcoal images which have amazing layers are going towards the deepest woodland. I do like this artistic concept and feeling.
This is a image shows layers of leaves and rubbish are interknited. The colours are sharp contrast and vivid layered. It seems he likes to express the abuse/bad habits where some people damage the environment but he gives them another way of artistic conception.
Sarah Woodfine was born in England in 1968. Woodfine’s work has been exhibited widely and she has also received many awards.
Woodfine’s work is very special and interesting where she has been exploring drawing and creating sculptural drawings in hybrid forms.
This is pencil drawing for a snow dome but it is almost like a photo image.
Woodfine’s drawing used specially constructed structures which act both as frames and as physical extensions of drawing itself. They like industry pattern with a series of vignettes
After learning about these artists who are from different eras (15th century to now). The art works are going to have a wide range and many styles from realism to action art. The artists’ styles make the art rich and varied.
As I just start to learn and attempt the landscape it is my job to find my own style and interpretation in the images that I create.