Research Point-Historic and contemporary artists

Through this research lesson I am going to learn about the works of  landscape artists who I will analyze and examine their techniques.

Claude Monet, 14 November 1840 – 5 December 1926.

Key Learning Points:

  • En plein air/ plein air painting-How did he bring out the light(the natural sun light) into his works?

Monet’s haystack series, he had drawn these in many conditions and situations. For the objects the stacks, they look boring but Monet gave them such different characteristics. I admire that he deals with the foreground, middle ground and background’s objects and also gives an impression of 3 dimensions and different layers.

  • Strokes-How did Monet use his brushes and colours palette?

What is the effect of using golden colour in a stormy weather condition and we also can feeling the sun light/direction? He has  captured our focus on the sun in sky and its reflection on the waves of the water in the Thames.

Compared to the other houses of Parliament, this one is absolutely impressionist painting. As when he finished the work “Impression, Sunrise” and to send to the gallery but it wan’t been recognized but it got the name for it which is “Impression, Sunrise”. As this one is same description of impression and he is the founder of impression painting.

Paul Cézanne, 19 January 1839 – 22 October 1906.

Key Learning Points:

  • Contrast and compare the volume of the objects. Think about the integral/overall relationship between objects.

Cézanne used very heavy/impasto to depict the sky, lake surface, buildings and the trees(for the integral work but give up the individual’s independence and authenticity) that they look geometry/cubist. This is unique technique and he is the founder of the modern art.

  • Put your own artistic thoughts, observation and experiment.

Cézanne’s building works have absolute dimensions  and the building are heavy, strong and calm. He shows volume and has an airy painting style. He captured the volume quickly and accurately.

David Hockney was born 9 July 1937.

Key Learning Points:

  • Using multi medias for his art career.

Hockney’s “joiners” work using  patchwork and give the art a further and emphasized concern. Making  his works more like cubism. Later he changed his point of view by discovering  the camera and using images that “came out somewhat distorted”. Then he turns his focus to painting. He carried on to explore acrylic paint then draw on ipad or ipod etc digital medias.

  • Technique of expression on his landscape also with his concept of the theme.

Hockney produced the geometric figure on the West Yorkshire wolds. I love his capture of the moment and the layer by layer of the scenes. For the second work how did he explore the branches for the raw of trees and the foreground pattern.

Peter Doig was born 17 April 1959.

Key Learning Points:

  • What is his unique style of inspired on abstract on Doig’s landscape paintings.

Doig’s landscape paintings covered by the snowy scenes is an unique technique. So what is his palette likes? Does he use a lot of white colour?

  • How does he express layers of lights. The objects look simply but attract the viewers.

The first snowy hill looks so simple colour from sky to the foreground but it convey several layers and vivid scenes. So does the second work’s sky and the red raw of trees. On the third work is with about 6 layers of parallel ground areas that they look simple but with an  intriguing colour palette.

John Virture was born in Accrington, Lancashire in 1947.

Key Learning Points:

  • How does he use shellac black ink and white painting on his monochrome painting and convey the vivid landscape?

Virtue’s works inspired and his methods are between abstraction and representation. He sees colour as “unnecessary distraction”. I admire that he keeps most areas in the images black but his draws not on death but life. So what does he exactly convey in his pictures? He paints the scenes? circumstances? nature? culture? history? or so on? I think there are so much emotion with them.

Nicholas Herbert

Key Learning Points:

At my first glance of Herbert’s works I was just feeling unsure about the images I only can see some texture and pattern in them. But what’s are his points to attract the audience?

Look carefully at his works and take a deep breath to gaze and find the feeling through these texture and pattern.

  • A feeling of mystery about emotional sensation.
  • His mixed media of skills of graphite soluble crayon of subtle tone.

Herbert has produced a grand series of landscape of the Chiltern Hills. He selects the different year, season, weather condition and may work with difference emotions as well. Then he depicted many angle of the compositions and give a special aesthetic feeling to his works.



360° studies(Project2 Landscape)

I am standing on the hill which is on the Stocksbridge bypass in Sheffield.

Facing to north: I can see the cottages, wall, farm, hill and the sky.

I used felt tips to draw the objects and the conte sticks for the grass and sky.

Facing to west: Its an expansive farm scenes. I used conte sticks to draw the basic then the felt tips for the object.

Facing to south: I used conte stick to draw the basic foreground(the grass farm), middle ground(the bypass) and background(the factory and the village).

Facing to east: I used conte stick to draw the basic foreground, middle ground and background.

The biggest sheep shouldn’t have that long legs so it looks like a horse.

These are the 4 directions of a view from a hill in Stocksbridge. When I got in home I use photoshop to put these 4 pieces in a panorama.

I may not get much time to improve this panorama drawing. To give them similar borders of sky and the hill tops and continue with the farm scene.


Sketchbook walk(Project2 Landscape)

For this exercise, I had a walk on Blackpool beach.

As this is a very lovely sunny day around 14:00 here. Clear sky with slight cloud. I can see far away to the piers and the scene around the beach.

First attempt I focus on one side of the pier. I can see the buildings on the bridge and some lamp posts. The tide is out and the sea is far away. Some people playing or walking dogs on the sands. Clear perspective of the stairs and wall on right hand side.

I used 6B pencil drew the basic outline then I got my set of watercolours but I didn’t bring my big brush then I used a piece of wet towel with water by my fingers to tint the colours on my basic outlines.

Well I done a mistake when I was drawing the people on the beach I didn’t realised I put their feet just on the edges of the puddle. The child may do this but the adults won’t stand in there.

Second attempt I used the coloured felt tip pens to practice the Blackpool tower and the buildings below. It is a sunny day and there is very clearly sky and not much cloud in the sky. Looking up the tower it is great and the perspective buildings around it.

For this image I am happy with the top of the tower. For the bottom of the tower which is behind the buildings and they are not clear(to draw some shadows?) but I leave the details and focus on the tower.

Third attempt  I have drawn the corner which is between the winter garden and the cafe hall.

The middle of the semicircle needs to improve its perspective and there is not strong light direction.

Fourth attempt This is Blackpool church.

The light is from the left top and it is in the afternoon but I didn’t shade any shadow for this group of buildings.

The middle of connection of the building is not right.

I still think there are a lot of details to add in but I will leave the unnecessary noise.

Cloud formations and tone(project2 Landscape)

For this exercise I am going to attempt to depict cloud formations. Well in my opinion it is a big challenge to experiment with the movements and imagery also it is practical thing that very hard to catch them.

The aim of this exercise I try to find ways for:

  • The characters of clouds:
  • Changing fast by weather conditions.
  • Movement and some effects are fleeting.
  • Soft and blur edges and volume shapes.
  • Filters through the gap.

Attempt 1:

I used 6B pencil, paper stump and putty eraser on a A4 sketchbook to practice the sunny day cloud formations.

I don’t think this is a successful work for drawing clouds because there are not clearly patches and fusion groups in the sky also I can’t see the weather.

When I was talking photo for it I was facing the other way and it is better in some places so then I turned it around.  I saw the lower half  like some waves of sea in this image.

As the English weather I supposed to do on a sunny day but when I got the time out for sketch it is raining a lot today. The clouds are moving and fast changing so I have to prepare my camera.

Attempt 2:

I have traced the cloud formations on an A4 sketchbook by charcoal.





Look at these two, top one from photography and bottom one is from scanner.  They are strange to me. The filters through the gaps were not right. I have built up the lighter and darker tone by circle strokes, rub by fingers and eraser but the patches’ fusion and combination are not right. They look more like smoke.

Attempt 3:

This time I depicted two proofs of buildings under these cloud formations.

I can think about they are dark day with heavy clouds it maybe the building underneath but I don’t think this is very bad composition. These patches need draw more 3D feeling with volume shapes. I could create a better result and would give the composition more depth in the space.

Then I do need some research and improve the technique of drawing clouds. This sky looks a bit dark and miserable.

Attempt 4:

I used the blue watercolour to do the basic background then use clear brush to highlight the patches. Finally I used the conte stick to build up the volume shapes but they are still feeling flat, I may need more practice.

I think this one is better than the last two images it maybe it is sunny day. Do the patches have movement feeling? They are moving a little bit but the clouds look flat.

Attempt 4:

I used a blue basic paper then soaked the white tissue and stick them on the blue sky. At last used the brush with the blue ink to scribble the clouds’ shadows.

They are 3D feeling but some blue strokes look strange and not much associated.


It is very hard to control these conditions. I was thinking do the watercolour is the best way for painting the clouds because the clouds are made of moisture? Well the last one I can feel they are moisture too.

I haven’t got all the good points in one attempt and everyone has its merit and demerit and I definitely will practice more on my daily sketchbook.